The "98 rock", a large piece of coral standing in the lagoon inscribed "98/U.S./P.W/5-10-43",
a message carved by one of the last of the 98 POW's executed that day.
On December 11, 1941 a Japanese naval task force was positioned to support a Japanese Special Naval Landing
Force invasion. US MC shore batteries successfully repulsed the attempted landing, sinking one destroyer and
damaging two cruisers, two destroyers and:a transport ship. After the fleet withdrew,, Marine Fighter Squadron 211
sunk an additional destroyer. During the next 11 days, Wake Island was bombed 8. times, destroying virtually all
above ground facilities. During the December 22 raid, the last remaining U. S. Navy F4F fighter was downed.
At 0245 December 23, 1941 a full scale invasion force landed and overran Wake Island. At 0900 hours, the island
was surrendered to the Japanese. A U.S. Navy task force carrying reinforcements for Wake Island was within 425
miles of the island at the time of the attack, however, the task force was recalled to Pearl Harbor prior to the
surrender of the island.
The Japanese took approximately 1,600 prisoners on Wake Island (450 military, 1,150 civilian).
During January, 1942, all military prisoners and about 750 of the civilian prisoners were
transported to Prisoner of War (POW) camps in China and Japan.
One of these prisoners was Charlie Mellor, shown below. He was a civilian worker working on
the airstrip when the Japanese invaded. Later he was moved to Japan to work in a drydock
as a POW. Below his picture is another with other Wake POWs at the camp. The picture of Charlie was taken in January of 2001; Charlie passed away Feb. 13, 2002
Another interesting piece of information about the life of a POW comes from my wife's collection of family archives. In 1944, her grandmother
saved an article from the a local Sunday paper that featured the correspondence from Major Devereux, the Commander of Wake, by then a
POW, to his son. Click here for the full story
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Last updated 20 March 2002